Amin Moslemi Petrudi

Tehran University Iran

About

Mechanical Engineering in Applied Design. He has written numerous educational, research, and administrative records in his career. He is also capable and interested in research, design, modeling and simulation, impact and penetration mechanics, stress analysis.

{{numberWithCommas(17)}} Publications
Journal of Modern Materials

Investigation of Failure Criteria and Experimental Process of the Composite Specimen with Mechanical Joints under Tensile Loading

Generally, composite materials are used to obtain better engineering properties, including higher hardness, greater strength, lower weight, heat resistance, moisture and corrosion, which are not present in homogeneous materials such as metals, which are more commonly used in composite design. In this article, experimental study of the composite specimen with mechanical joints under tensile loading, joints of composite material structures, failure criteria in composite materials, tensile impact test is investigated. The results of research work it shows that maximum strength, the hand lay-up can be designed with [0º, 45º, 90º, -45º] s and layers with 45º fibers is very important, because these fibers in these layers have a significant role in increasing the resistance of the piecework under shear stresses due to the passage of stress lines along the hole; In other words, the maximum cut occurs at a 45º angle, and these layers resist this shear stress.

Journal of Advanced Mechanical Engineering Applications

Optimization and Numerical Analysis of the Ricochet of Conical Nose Projectile in the Collision with Ceramic-Aluminum Armor

The anti-armored bullets have more kinetic energy due to additional mass than ordinary bullets which increases their likelihood function of penetration for a different target. It is necessary to seek solutions to reduce the possibility of penetration of this type of bullets. One of the most important parameters influencing penetration is projectile impact velocity. The mechanism of penetration varies in different velocity ranges. In this paper, the phenomenon of buckling steel cone with a nose cone in a collision with ceramic targets was investigated by the explicit finite element method using LS-Dayna software. The numerical simulation shows acceptable accuracy after comparing the results with previous research. In this study, the critical angle of ricochet at a different velocity ranging from 700 m/s to 1000 m/s and optimization of the optimal thickness ratio of ceramic/metal targets has been considered. According to the simulation outputs and analytical relations, it is clear that the critical ricocheting angle has increased with increasing velocity and the probability of projectile penetration is higher. The results also show that in the case of an oblique collision at a certain angle, the projectile velocity decreases with increasing target thickness with no drastic changes in the directional angle. As the angle of oblique increases, the amount of penetration in the target decreases. For long rod projectiles, the reduction in kinetic energy at the same collision velocities is not much different for both vertical and oblique collision modes. The erosion of the projectile mass in oblique collisions is less than in vertical collisions at the same time.

Journal of Modeling and Simulation of Materials

Validation and Optimization of Thermophysical Properties for Thermal Conductivity and Viscosity of Nanofluid Engine Oil using Neural Network

In this study, the thermophysical properties of thermal conductivity and viscosity of a motor oil nanofluid were investigated using experimental data and artificial neural network. NSGA II optimization algorithm was used to maximize thermal conductivity and minimum viscosity with changes in temperature and volume fraction of nanofluids. Also, to obtain the viscosity and thermal conductivity values in terms of nanofluid temperature and volume fraction with 174 experimental data, neural network modeling was performed. Input data include temperature and volume fraction, and output is viscosity and thermal conductivity. Various indices such as R squared and Mean Square Error (MSE) have been used to evaluate the accuracy of modeling in the prediction of viscosity and thermal conductivity of nanofluids. The coefficient of determination R squared is 0.9989 indicating acceptable agreement with the experimental data. In order to optimize and finally results as an objective function, the optimization algorithm is presented and the Parto front and its corresponding optimum points are presented where the maximum optimization results of thermal conductivity and viscosity occur at 1% volume fraction.

Optimization and Experimental Investigation of the Ability of New Material from Aluminum Casting on Pumice Particles to Reduce Shock Wave

Some materials, due to their inherent properties, can be used as shock and wave absorbers. These materials include foam and porous materials, in this study, specimens were made by casting aluminum on porous mineral pumice. Which can replace aluminum foam in some applications with lesser cost, at first, the material is compared with aluminum foam using compression test and quasi-static loading diagram. Which compares the diagrams of these two materials showing the similarity of their behavior in quasi-static loading. Initially, the elastic bending of the walls causes an elastic region in the stress-strain curve of the material. Then, the plastic collapsing of the cells forms a large and relatively smooth region along the elastic and after the plastic collapse of the cells, the area known as foam densification begins where the density of the foam closer to the density of its constituent material causes a sudden increase in the stress level in the specimen. These steps have also been seen in the quasi-static loading of aluminum foam. Then, by using numerical simulations with ANSYS AUTODYN and the shock tube test the ability of these specimens were investigated to reduce the shock wave. The behavior of the material in this case is also very similar to the results of previous studies on aluminum foam.

Journal of Advanced Mechanical Engineering Applications

Analytical Study of Nonlinear Vibrations of Marine Risers by Newton Harmonic Balance Method

In this paper, the nonlinear motions of marine risers are studied using the Newton's Harmonic Balance Method (NHBM). The nonlinear vibrational equations of the marine risers were obtained in the present study using the Hamilton principle and the Euler–Bernoulli beam theory. The Galerkin's decomposition technique is used to convert the partial differential governing equation (PDE) of the riser vibrations to the ordinary differential equation (ODE). By using the NHBM method, an analytical formulation has been obtained to express the natural nonlinear frequency of the riser. The effect of design parameters such as riser length and initial static displacement of high support has been investigated on riser frequency, which shows acceptable accuracy after comparing the results with previous research. The results show that fluid damping coefficient has a great effect on system instability and reducing this coefficient increases the stability range of the system. Examining the effect of nonlinear parameters shows that the effect of these parameters is greater in large amplitude of motion.

Journal of Modeling and Simulation of Materials

Analytical Investigation of the Vibrational and Dynamic Response of Nano-Composite Cylindrical Shell Under Thermal Shock and Mild Heat Field by DQM Method

In this paper, the vibrations and dynamic response of an orthotropic thin-walled composite cylindrical shell with epoxy graphite layers reinforced with carbon nanotubes under heat shock and heat field loading are investigated. the carbon nanotubes were uniformly distributed along the thickness of the composite layer. The problem is that at first there is a temperature change due to the thermal field in the cylinder and the cylinder is coincident with the thermal field, then the surface temperature of the cylinder rises abruptly. Partial derivative equations of motion are coupled to heat equations. The differential quadrature method (DQM) is used to solve the equations. In this study, the effects of length, temperature, thickness and radius parameters on the natural frequencies and mid-layer displacement are investigated. The results show that increasing the outside temperature reduces the natural frequency and increases the displacement of the system. Radial displacement results were also compared with previous studies and were found to be in good agreement with previous literature. Increasing the percentage of carbon nanotubes also increased the natural frequency of the system and decreased the mobility of the middle layer.

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