Aditya Kumar Sahu

GMR institute of Technology India


This is Mr. A. K Sahu. I completed B.Tech (Graduation) in 2007 and M.Tech (Master) 2011.  I have submitted my Ph.D. thesis in the field of image steganography.  I have published around 13 Scopus and 1 SCIE paper during this period.  

I welcome all who wish to work along with me in this field.

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High fidelity based reversible data hiding using modified LSB matching and pixel difference


Owing to the inefficiency to hide large volume of secret data for the reversible data hiding (RDH) image steganography approaches, we propose two improved RDH based approaches, such as (1) improved dual image based least significant bit (LSB) matching with reversibility, and (2) n-rightmost bit replacement (n-RBR) and modified pixel value differencing (MPVD). The first approach extends the ability of LSB matching with reversibility using dual images. Whereas the second approach utilizes four identical cover images for secret data embedding using two phases, such as (1) n-rightmost bit replacement (n-RBR) and (2) modified pixel value differencing (MPVD). In the n-RBR phase, n bits of secret data are embedded in the pair of two neighboring pixels of the first two identical images, where 1 ≤ n ≤ 4. Correspondingly, the MPVD phase uses the third and fourth identical images for hiding the secret data. Experimental results with respect to peak signal-to-noise ratio (PSNR), embedding capacity (EC), structural similarity index (SSIM), and the comparative analysis with recently proposed state-of-art approaches exhibit the superiority of the proposed approach. Besides reversibility, the proposed approach ensures high fidelity to salt and pepper (S&P) noise, RS analysis, and pixel difference histogram (PDH) analysis.

An Optimal Information Hiding Approach Based on Pixel Value Differencing and Modulus Function


This paper proposes an image steganography approach based on pixel value differencing and modulus function (PVDMF) to improve the peak signal-to-noise ratio (PSNR) and hiding capacity (HC). The proposed approach has two variants, (1) PVDMF 1 and (2) PVDMF 2. Both the variants use the difference between a pair of consecutive pixels to embed the secret data based on an adaptive range table. The modulus operations with pixel readjustment have been utilized to reduce the distortion in the stego-image. The experimental results prove that the PVDMF 1 offer higher PSNR and PVDMF 2 offers larger HC as compared to the existing approaches. In addition, the fall off boundary problem which exists in most of the pixel value differencing approaches has been avoided. Furthermore, it has been experimentally verified that the proposed approach is resistant against RS attack.

Digital Image Steganography Using Bit Flipping

Abstract This article proposes bit flipping method to conceal secret data in the original image. Here a block consists of 2 pixels and thereby flipping one or two LSBs of the pixels to hide secret information in it. It exists in two variants. Variant-1 and Variant-2 both use 7th and 8th bit of a pixel to conceal the secret data. Variant-1 hides 3 bits per a pair of pixels and the Variant-2 hides 4 bits per a pair of pixels. Our proposed method notably raises the capacity as well as bits per pixel that can be hidden in the image compared to existing bit flipping method. The image steganographic parameters such as, Peak Signal to Noise Ratio (PSNR), hiding capacity, and the Quality Index (Q.I) of the proposed techniques has been compared with the results of the existing bit flipping technique and some of the state of art article.

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