Applying the MOA (motivation-opportunity-ability) model for the evaluation of residents' participation in built heritage rehabilitation: the case of Constantine

Lay Summary

Resident's participation is a significant issue in urban heritage conservation, but what are the reasons behind residents' engagement? This paper examines how motivations, opportunities and abilities incite or prevent residents from participating in built heritage rehabilitation in the old city of Constantine (Algeria). Our findings show that the most significant factors affecting residents’ participation were related to their motivations and abilities. Interestingly, factors related to the opportunities did not influence participation. Thus, autonomous rehabilitation according to the residents’ motivation and abilities is more likely to be adopted.



Abstract

It has been widely recognised that the participation of residents is a significant issue in contemporary urban heritage conservation. However, studies confirm that the reasons behind residents' engagement are still difficult to assess, particularly in emerging countries. This paper aims to evaluate the factors that incite or prevent residents from participating in built heritage rehabilitation in the old city of Constantine, by applying the motivation-opportunity-ability (MOA) model. A questionnaire-based survey was used to collect information from the residents. The collected data were then analysed using the structural equation model (SEM). The findings show that the most significant factors affecting residents' participation were related to their motivations and abilities. Interestingly, factors related to the opportunities did not influence participation. Thus, autonomous rehabilitation according to the residents' motivation and abilities is more likely to be adopted. These findings are limited to the selected sample, and some variables have been eliminated through the SEM analysis. However, as a first attempt to study residents' participation in built heritage rehabilitation in Constantine, the paper proposes a different perspective for assessing participation by considering its means and ends simultaneously. The paper also provides guidance to local decision-makers to improve the legal framework by implementing factors that encourage residents' involvement in sustainable heritage management.

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